Nigel Lawson Essay

I think of myself, in part, as the sum of all the meals I’ve eaten, as much as I feel I’m the sum of all the books I’ve read. (I’m not alone in this: it’s why Nigel Slater’s Toast, or Samantha Ellis’s How To Be A Heroine, resonate so with readers.) Having just published my 10th book, I see the mark the food I’ve eaten throughout my life has made on it, and at the same time how it is shaped by the foods I’ve more recently taken to. I don’t suppose it could honestly be otherwise.

All recipes, whether one is writing or cooking them, tell the story of one’s eating evolution. This is mine.

The sixties: a different universe

I had quite the wrong start for a future food-obsessive: I absolutely loathed eating as a child. Or perhaps more accurately, it was mealtimes I hated. And there weren’t, then, occasions for eating outside mealtimes – or at least not in my home. My earliest memories of food are of sitting at the table, being told I had to eat everything on my plate. And the plate I always see in front of me is stew. Stew getting colder, the fat congealing as I sat there, staring it out; the stew always won.

There was no intimation that there was meant to be pleasure in food. It was there, and it had to be eaten. I was made to sit until I’d eaten, and if after hours (it was probably never hours, but it felt like that then) I had failed to clean my plate, the same plate, with its cold, unloved remains, was put in front of me at the next meal. I am not singling out my parents for strange and unusual punishment: this was just how children were routinely brought up in the olden days.

It was a curiously divergent upbringing, foodwise. There were the meals we ate without my parents, lunch and tea in the week, and those we ate with my parents: at the weekend, and supper once we’d reached the age of eight. This was a different universe, and one my older self would have fitted into so much better than the child I was. Here the talk was all food: eating was not duty but pleasure, at least for the others. My family would sit around the large, pale blue Formica table in the kitchen eating and talking about what they’d eaten previously and what they were going to eat next. This was otherwise still an age when it was considered vulgar to talk about food: even to comment favourably on it was just not done. I’d go to friends’ houses for tea (this was before the age of the sleepover) and meals were eaten in silence. My family (except for me, anxiously quiet) talked noisily about it all and, moreover, with their mouths full.

Nigella Lawson: I eat, therefore I am – in pictures

My mother had quite a different take on table manners. She considered it a slight to the cook (ie, her) not to start to eat once your food was in front of you: no waiting for everyone to begin before you started. And conversation should never be interrupted by the tiresome asking for peas or potatoes: “Don’t ask, stretch!” she would hiss.

Her food was different, too, from the food at my friends’ houses. She and my aunts had had an Italian au pair when they were growing up, and though spag bol had begun to make a showing in the traditional English culinary canon, she cooked spaghetti aglio e olio, even if the olive oil came from Timothy Whites, the high-street chemist. France was still the leading influence: we ate garlicky lamb cutlets (which wore frilly white cuffs if company were present) with herbes de provence, bowls of ratatouille, and there were always sauces: béarnaise, hollandaise, béchamel (only ever called white sauce).

But chiefly what I remember eating was chicken: roast chicken with butter smeared under its skin, a lemon half squeezed and then chucked into its cavity, or – the central food of my childhood – cooked with wine and water and vegetables on the hob, with rice on the side. With this, my mother would make her own version of hollandaise, adding saffron strands to the yolks, and a ladleful of the chicken broth with the butter. I still cook cabbage her way, too: not boiled, but tossed with butter (and a drop of oil to stop the butter burning) and caraway seeds, and when it had begun to wilt, only a little water added, and a lid clamped on so it steamed in the scant liquid.

Otherwise, vegetables always seemed to come with a sauce: if the broad beans weren’t draped in parsley sauce, they came, idiosyncratically, with a sweet-and-sour sauce in a jug to be poured over them at the table, something I’ve never encountered since. Leeks were always in a white sauce, some of their cooking water added with the milk, although towards the end of the 60s they started appearing, halved lengthwise, in a vinaigrette. And, at all times, black pepper was verboten: only white peppercorns were allowed in the grinder, something I’ve since read was also an edict of the food writer Bee Wilson’s mother; it must have been the age.

Different rules held sway at my grandparents’ homes. At my paternal grandparents’, you could tell what day it was by what they served. I wish I could remember the exact timetable now, but that memory is swamped by the exciting fact that they had puddings and cakes and sweets – child-seducing delicacies that never found their way onto my mother’s table. A special drawer below the drinks cabinet (hovering below the Tio Pepe, which my grandmother would never drink, not that any of my family were serious drinkers, without telling us that the doctor had informed her that it had no calories) held tins of what used to be called car sweets, boiled cubes dusted with glucose, and stale Penguin bars.

My maternal grandmother’s cooking was held slightly in scorn by my mother, who herself cooked instinctively and well. For my granny cooked from recipes, torn out of magazines and full of whim and fancy. She went through a period of cooking nasi goreng, referred to by my parents as Nazi Goering; chicken salad had fruit in it and grapefruits were grilled and served as a starter.

But if I was taught how to cook by my mother – from about six, I would be put on a wonky wooden chair by the New World gas range, stirring butter into bain-maries of egg yolks to make hollandaise – I loved cooking with my grandmother. What’s more, I loved eating what I cooked with her. On Fridays, we’d go to the butcher, buy some brains and go back to make some brown butter and capers to cook them in. She indulged my love of spinach: sometimes, for a special treat, I’d be allowed a big buttery bowl of it, just by itself, maybe with a mug of hot chocolate on the side, for lunch. So if I began the 60s (I was born at the very beginning of 1960) as a grudging eater, I ended it an idiosyncratic one.I’ve chosen a recipe for jam tarts to sum up that decade for me, not because they featured greatly in it, but because, to my dismay, they didn’t. They were rare treats for birthday parties (no doubt bought rather than made) and, as a child, they had some magic literary allure about as near to eating nirvana as I thought it was possible to get.

The seventies: my avocado years

I think of the 70s as the egg mayonnaise decade. It’s true that my sister and I had been whipped into service making mayonnaise before I had entered double figures, one of us drip-dripping the oil on to the yolks (the eggs left in their shells in a bowl of warm water for 10 minutes first), the other whisking furiously, but never fast or furiously enough for my mother. The 70s seemed dominated by them; the stove was never without a noisy pan of water with eggs jumpily boiling in it, even while the last batch of hard-boiled eggs were in the fridge, waiting to be coated in thick mayonnaise and criss-crossed with anchovies.

My parents had started holidaying in Greece, and my mother returned with a passion for taramasalata. Her blender, with its plastic, bronze-grey goblet and olive-green plastic lid, would judder with bread, garlic, smoked cod’s roe, lemon and oil. Eternal supplies would be stashed in the fridge, often alongside that other coral delicacy – though this from eastern Europe – liptauer, a mixture of curd and cream cheeses with capers, mustard, caraway and paprika that you never come across now, but then seemed to be in every deli, themselves quite a novelty. My mother also became quite a moussaka maker: while other people brought back holiday snaps, she returned with recipes, even if she didn’t, in fact, ever cook from one. Her notion of how to cook something came from eating it, and we travelled vicariously at the kitchen table.

We were taken to France to eat, though all I remember of early trips was the joy of snails in garlic butter, and the frisson of surgical delight that came from clamping the shell as you ate. My mother made them back at home, too, complete with dimpled metal snail holders, clamping devices and winkling tools. That was just for a treat, for us. When people came for dinner, they’d get coquilles St Jacques, and my mother would keep the cleaned-out shells for visiting smokers to use as ashtrays.

It was in the 70s that I began a lifelong love affair with avocados, though this certainly wasn’t at home; my mother considered them an overpriced novelty. It was at my Great-Aunt Myra’s house and Myra – as she insisted on being called – gave them a very good showing; she was a great one for the New. Calves’ liver with long slices of sauteed avocado was perhaps not her finest moment, but her avocado, pea and mint salad is something I still make today. Ostentatiously unstuffy and proud befriender of the young, she’d been at art school with the painter John Minton in the 40s, and loved telling us all about her wild affairs.

Although Myra still painted, domesticity had largely claimed her, and much of her creativity went into her cooking. Days would be spent creating dishes to go into her cavernous chest freezer (the first I’d ever seen) and any guest would face an onslaught of food, each dish with its own styling. Chilli con carne came in individual wooden bowls, a baked potato with chive-flecked sour cream on a dark brown pottery plate and a hessian weave napkin to the side; gravad lax was served on green pottery, decorated with fresh dill, along with a warm potato salad and a Scandi-patterned napkin in a pewter ring; boeuf bourguignon came in a miniature orange casserole, with glazed carrots, dotted with parsley (curly, of course) and slick with butter in a bold-to-the-point-of-pyschedelic nasturtium-patterned Midwinter Pottery dish, and an obliquely sliced baguette in a basket. In Myra’s defence, her painting was rather more free-flowing.

Myra had (olive-green) shelves filled with the Time Life Foods Of The World series; each volume came in two parts, with the recipes in a hardback and the photographs in a spiral-bound, large-format edition. Or it might have been the other way around. Either way, this was my official introduction to the cookery book and, since she wouldn’t allow anyone in the kitchen as she cooked or arranged her table, I’d spend hours reading them. I’ve been a compulsive collector of cookbooks ever since.

At the end of the decade, I went to Italy for my gap year to learn how to speak Italian. By great fortune, I learned how to cook Italian, too. I worked as a chambermaid in a small, family-run pensione, and it so happened that there was a nonna from central casting on the premises.

While I was banned from going into the private sanctuary of the kitchen, she got lonely there in the day by herself (her son and daughter-in-law made frequent visits to the family farm in Arezzo), and I was ushered in to chat and watch her stir sauces, make broth, braise beans and pot-roasts (rosbif all’Inglese turned out to be cooked in a pan on the stove with rosemary and red wine); she made the best mashed potato I’ve ever tasted, with more butter than non-Italians ever credit the Italians with actually using.

The eighties: the Queen of Onion Soup

Nigel Lawson



Nigel Lawson, named Lord Lawson of Blaby, has spent the majority of his professional career involved in British politics and journalism. In the early 1960s and 70s, Lawson served as an Editor or columnist for a number of newspapers including The Financial Times, The Sunday Telegraph, The Spectator, The Evening Standard, and The Times. [3]

In 1974, Lawson was elected a member of parliament for the Conservative party where he held a seat until 1992. As a member of parliament, Lawson was eventually named Chancellor of the Exchequer—the highest economic and financial position in the British government—by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Lawson held this position from 1983-1989. [3]

Currently, Lawson contributes guest columns to world newspapers. He is the founder of The Global Warming Policy Foundation (GWPF), a think-tank skeptical of the science behind anthropogenic (man-made) global warming as well as the policies that are being implemented to curb climate change. Even though Lawson has no professional credentials in the area of climate change, he has often been described as an “expert” by the media. [4]

According to an interview conducted by The Telegraphin 2008, Lawson states he did not develop an informed interest in climate change until 2005 when he took part in a government committee exploring the economic factors involved in global warming. [5]

Climate skepticism runs deep in the Lawson family. His son Dominic Lawson is a journalist for the British newspaper The Independent. Dominic Lawson has used his columns to question the science behind climate change and criticize the IPCC. Dominic Lawson is married to Rosa Monckton, the sister of the infamous climate denier Christopher Monckton. [6]

Stance on Climate Change

September, 2016

“I don't question for a moment that carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas and that, all things being equal, this will lead to warming of the atmosphere. And that it's true that scientists differ greatly on how big the effect is, but there is huge agreement that there is some effect. 

But we account for less than two percent of global carbon emissions. And so it is crazy for us–we can't do anything on our own–and if the rest of the world […] is not going to go down this route […] it's not doing any good. 

I have long since come to the conclusion […] that [climate change] is an economic issue. […] My judgement is the most cost-effective way of dealing with it is though adaptation, and I believe that is perfectly do-able.” [7]


“Lawson agrees that there has been some global warming over the past hundred years and that increased man-made emissions of carbon dioxide are partly to blame. But he argues that natural causes are more important than commonly agreed and that the science of climate remains in its infancy.” [8]

Key Quotes

June 1, 2017

In a GWPF press release, Nigel Lawson suggested that the UK should follow the example of the U.S.after Donald Trump announced withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement: [30], [31]

“US industry already enjoys a huge energy cost advantage over the UK and other EU countries, so the US move can only make things harder for us in Europe. The next government must take a long, hard, look at whether we can afford our own Climate Change Act any longer. It is clear that the costs imposed on British businesses and households are now entirely unsustainable,” Lawson said.

April, 2008

“Gradual and moderate warming brings benefits as well as incurring costs. These benefits and costs will not, of course, be felt uniformly throughout the world; the colder regions of the world will be more affected by the benefits, and the hotter regions by the costs. 

“But overall, it is far from clear that the inhabitants of the planet as a whole would suffer a significant net cost, or indeed any cost at all.” [5]

Key Deeds

December 18, 2017

Media watchdog Ofcom announced it was launching an investigation into an interview with Lawson on the BBC's flagship cultural affairs radio show, the Today programme. Ofcom said it was “investigating whether this interview, which followed a similar interview in 2014, breached our rules on due accuracy and due impartiality.” [39]

October 30, 2017

As reported at DeSmogUK and the Guardian,the BBC officially acknowledged that Nigel Lawson “should have been challenged” over the statements he made in his August 2017 appearance on the Today program. [37], [38]

The BBC complaints units said that the interview had breached editorial guidelines and that Lawson's claims “were, at the least, contestable and should have been challenged,” The Guardian reported. [38]

Bob Ward, policy director of the Grantham Institute at the London School of Economics, told the Guardian: “There needs to be a shift in BBC policy so that these news programmes value due accuracy as much as due impartiality. [38]

“As well as taking account of the rights of marginal voices like Lord Lawson to be heard, the BBC should also take account of the harm that its audiences can experience from the broadcast of inaccurate information.” [38]

August 10, 2017

Nigel Lawson appeared on BBC Radio 4 in a five-minute-long interview, asked to respond to an earlier interview with Al Gore where Gore had introduced his new film. Carbon Brief reported that Lawson, who has appeared on the program before, made several inaccurate claims during the interview. [32]

According to the transcript, via Carbon Brief, Lawson claimed that England had some of the highest energy costs in the world: [33]

Webb: What do you make of that point? That people like you, who have been saying the costs are too great, are now on the back foot, because the costs of doing what Al Gore wants us to do are fast reducing.

Lawson: Well, look, the point is not, just the costs – although we do have in this country, in England, one of the highest energy costs in the world, which is very hard on the poor and hard on business and industry, which is because of our absurd climate-driven energy policy. The energy in – renewable energy, so-called – is heavily subsidised, and, if they say it’s economic, well then, let’s get rid of the subsidies…[crosstalk]” [33]

Carbon Brief noted that England has some of the lowest gas prices in the EU, based on data from the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), as well as below-average domestic electricity prices.  [33]

Lawson disputed points on fossil fuel subsidies:

Webb: But the point Al Gore makes is that we subsidise all energy, including fossil fuels…[crosstalk]

Lawson: No, we don’t. That’s not true. We tax fossil fuel energy. Anyway, we subsidise renewable energy. But the main point is that the conventional energy is reliable and cheaper, and that is important. What is the reason for Al Gore, I listened to the interview you had with him, and he was talking complete nonsense. I’m not surprised that his new film bombed completely, it’s a complete fiasco…” [33]

Lawson said that the section on Extreme weather in Al Gore's interview was “nonsense”:

Webb: Which bit of [Gore’s interview] was nonsense?

Lawson: What?

Webb: Which bit…

Lawson: For example, he said that, er, there had been a growing increase, which had been continuing, in the extreme weather events. There hasn’t been. All the experts say there haven’t been. The IPCC, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which is sort of the voice of the consensus, concedes that there has been no increase in extreme weather events. Extreme weather events have always happened. They come and go. And some kinds of extreme weather events of a particular time increase, whereas others, like tropical storms, diminish… [33]

Climate Feedback also analyzed Lawson's statements. With regards to his claims on extreme weather, they consulted Andreas Prein of the National Center for Atmospheric Research who said, “This is a false statement since the IPCCAR5 even states in its Summary for Policymakers that ‘Human influence has been detected […] in changes in some climate extremes’. […]” (View their full review of Lawson's claim here.) [34], [35]

On the global temperature record, Lawson had this to say:

“And as for the temperature itself, it is striking, [Gore] made his previous film 10 years ago and—according, again, to the official figures—during this past 10 years, if anything, mean global temperature, average world temperature, has slightly declined.”

As DeSmog UK reported, the Global Warming Policy Foundation shared what it later admitted was an “erroneous” temperature dataset to support Lawson's claim. GWPF later Tweeted that it was “happy to correct the record” and since removed the tweet after a request by climate scientist Ed Hawkins. [36]

May 2016

Lord John Krebs and a number of other scientists wrote an open letter to the editor of The Times, suggesting the paper has been influenced by Nigel Lawson's Global Warming Policy Foundation. [9]

“Two aspects are particularly concerning,” the letter to the editor reads. “The first is that neither the quality bar that broadsheet newspapers regularly apply to scientific evidence, nor the simple concept of balance, appear to exist in all of your paper’s reporting on climate change (although we note, for example, that your coverage at the close of the Paris climate summit was both balanced and comprehensive). The second concern is that many of the sub-standard news stories and opinion pieces appear to concern, in some way, GWPF. Whether any newspaper should involve itself repeatedly with any pressure group is a matter for debate; it would be deeply perturbing to find that a paper as eminent as The Times could allow a small NGO, particularly one whose sources of financing are unknown, a high degree of influence.”[9]

Lord Krebs notes that their open letter was particularly a response to two articles in The Times, “one saying global warming isn't happening, quoting an un-refereed study by a professor of statistics, and another one saying that the oceans aren't getting more acid, reports in which the author was later quoted on the web as saying the article in The Times completely misrepresented his own scientific paper.”[9]

Audio of the interview between John Krebs and Robyn Williams below: [9]

February 3, 2016

Nigel Lawson was named chairman of the Vote Leave campaign, reports The Guardian. [10]

“Vote Leave is competing with the rival group Leave.EU to be designated as the official Brexit campaign by the Electoral Commission,” The Guardian reported. Mills said: “We are delighted that Lord Lawson has agreed to provide leadership to the board as we prepare for the start of the referendum campaign.” [10]

The Independent revealed that a number of inter-related groups, many with direct connections to the “Brexit” movement, all share a 55 Tufton Street address with the Global Warming Policy Foundation: [11]

  • Global Warming Policy  Foundation
  • Global Vision
  • The European Foundation
  • Civitas
  • Taxpayers’ Alliance
  • Business for Britain
  • Big Brother Watch
  • UK2020

DesmogUK tracked the connections between climate science deniers and those campaigning for Britain to leave the European Union, and created the interactive map below. [12]

(Zoom in and out to see the web of relationships between the residents of 55 Tufton Street and its neighbours. Hover over the lines to see the type of relationship between the two entities, and click on the person or organisation’s name to find out more (this will open up a new tab where you can find out more information about all of this entity’s various relationships and stance on climate change):

view this map on LittleSis

December, 2014

Nigel Lawson is a contributor to the book Climate Change: The Facts published by the Institute of Public Affairs and featuring “22 essays on the science, politics and economics of the climate change debate.” The Institute of Public Affairs, while not revealing most of its funders, is known to have received funding from mining magnate Gina Rinehart and at least one major tobacco company. [13]

The book includes essays and articles from a range of climate change skeptics, with contributors including the following:

According to Editor Alan Moran in a post at Catallaxy Files blog on Climate Change: the facts 2014, Nigel Lawson “[E]xplores the dire economic implications of trying to cease the use of fossil fuels. He also demonstrates the trivial effects of the warming that is predicted and discounts their claimed negative effects, noting that sci­entific developments mean we are far less hostage to climate shifts than in previous eras.” [14]

July, 2014

Nigel Lawson accused the BBC of silencing the debate on global warming. He wrote his criticisms in an article in the Daily Mail titled “'I've been banned by the BBC!': Ex-Chancellor Lord Lawson, a passionate climate change sceptic, accuses BBC bosses of silencing debate on global warming.”

In his article, Lawson wrote: “If there is to be a ban on non-scientists discussing climate change issues (which I do not, of course, support), this should in the best BBC tradition be an even-handed one. That is to say, they should also ban non-scientists such as energy secretary Ed Davey, Ed Miliband, Lord Deben (chairman of the government’s climate advisory committee), Lord Stern (former adviser to the government on the economics of climate change and development) and all the others who are regularly invited to appear.”[15]

The Guardian reports how BBC rejected Lawson's claims that BBC had been silencing the global warming debate. The BBC statement read: [16]

“Nigel Lawson has not been banned and nor is there a ban on non-scientists discussing climate change. We have also not apologised for putting him on air. The BBC is absolutely committed to impartial and balanced coverage, whatever the subject, and would not bow to pressure from any quarter whatever the story. This ruling found a false balance was created in that the item implied Lord Lawson’s views on climate science were on the same footing as those of Sir Brian Hoskins.

“Our position continues to be that we accept that there is broad scientific agreement on climate change and we reflect this accordingly. We do however on occasion offer space to dissenting voices where appropriate as part of the BBC’s overall commitment to impartiality.”


Nigel Lawson founded a climate-change think-tank, The Global Warming Policy Foundation where he currently serves as Chairman. [4]

The GWPF's initial mission was “to bring reason, integrity and balance to a debate that has become seriously unbalanced, irrationally alarmist, and all too often depressingly intolerant.” [17]

The GWPF's “Academic Advisory Council” is made up of a number of noted climate skeptics including Christopher Essex, Matt Ridley, Paul Reiter, Nir Shaviv, Philip Stott, Richard Tol,Benny Peiser (director), Freeman Dyson, Richard Lindzen, Ian Plimer, and many others. [18], [19]

Currently, Benny Peiser is the Director of the GWPF. [19]

Peiser has long opposed mainstream science's conclusions about anthropogenic global warming; in 2005 Peiser said he had data which refuted an article published in Science Magazine, claiming 100% of peer-reviewed research papers on climate change agreed with the scientific consensus of global warming.  Peiser later revealed he found only one paper that disagreed with the scientific consensus, and that paper was published by the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. [20], [21]

The GWPF chooses not to disclose its funding sources. However, it does state that does not “accept gifts from either energy companies or anyone with a significant interest in an energy company.” [4]

March 8, 2007

Lawson appeared on the Great Global Warming Swindle, a program broadcast on Channel 4 Television on March 8, 2007. According to Tyler Durkin, the writer and director of the program, “global warming is a hoax foisted upon an unsuspecting public by conspiratorial environmentalists.” [22]

Channel 4 received over 265 complaints regarding the accuracy of Swindle, including complaints from The IPCC and Sir David King about how they were portrayed on the program. [23]

Complaints included a 180+ page document (PDF) assembled by numerous writers, scientists, and two former chairs of the IPCC that accused the program of “displaying erroneous or artificially manipulated graphs, and presenting incorrect, misleading, or incomplete opinions and facts on the science of global warming and the related economics.” [24]

The document accuses Nigel Lawson, who is quoted on the program as saying that “there is such intolerance of any dissenting voice” against mainstream views on global warming, of inflating his credentials when he is described as an “expert” on climate science issues.

When Ofcom reviewed the complaints, they found that Channel 4 broke impartiality guidelines misrepresented statements by former British government scientist David King. Ofcom further found that the film unfairly treated the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and MIT professor Carl Wunsch. [23]

Other “experts” who appeared on The Great Global Warming Swindle included Tim Ball, Ian Clark, Richard Lindzen, Roy Spencer, Patrick Michaels and Fred Singer.

December 21, 2006

In 2006, Lawson contributed to the article “The Stern Review: A Dual Critique” (PDF) published in the journal, World Economics. The article critiqued the findings ofThe Stern Review on The Economics of Climate Change. [25]

The Stern Review was a report commissioned by the British government, whose conclusions not only supported the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the science behind the theory of anthropogenic global warming, but also advocated immediate action to mitigate the serious global threat climate change poses. 

Other authors of “The Stern Review: A Dual Critique” include the high profile climate skeptics Richard Lindzen, Ross McKitrick, Chris de Freitas and Bob Carter.

July 27, 2005

Lawson was a member of the House of Lords Economic Affairs Select Committee when it launched a skeptical report on climate change released to coincide with the 2005 G8 conference. [26]

The report, titled “The Economics of Climate Change,” claims that there are “positive aspects to global warming” and describes how “the science of human-induced warming remains uncertain.” 

It is also critical of the IPCC, describing the UN as being “influenced by political considerations” with regards to climate change science. The report is adamant that the Kyoto Protocol “will make little difference to future rates of warming.”



According to a search of Google Scholar, Lawson has not published any work in the area of climate science. He is the author of Appeal to Reason : A cool look at global warming.


  1. “Nigel Lawson,” NNDP. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  2. “Nigel Lawson profile: The eurosceptic leading the battle against Brussels,” Independent, October 2, 2015. URL:

  3. “Lord Lawson of Blaby,” Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  4. “Who we are,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  5. Christopher Booker. “Lord Lawson claims climate change hysteria heralds a 'new age of unreason',” The Telegraph, April 6, 2008. URL:

  6. “Dominic Lawson: Fight climate change? Or stay competitive? I'm afraid these two aims are incompatible,” Independent, November 22, 2007. URL:

  7. “Britain’s leading climate change sceptic Nigel Lawson says global warming is real,” Independent, September 14, 2016. Archived October 13, 2016. Archived .mp4 on file at desmog. URL:

  8. Allister Heath. “Pouring on Cold Water,” Literary Review, April, 2008. Archived July 23, 2011. URL:

  9. “The Times accused of biased reporting, misrepresenting climate science,” ABC News, May 7, 2016. Archived September 19, 2016. URL:

  10. “Nigel Lawson named chairman of Vote Leave campaign,” The Guardian, February 3, 2016. URL:

  11. “The address where Eurosceptics and climate change sceptics rub shoulders,” Independent, February 10, 2016. URL:

  12. Kyla Mandel. “Mapped: The Cosy Climate-Euro Sceptic Bubble Pushing for Brexit and Less Climate Action,” DesmogUK, June 13, 2106.

  13. “Institute of Public Affairs,” SourceWatch. Accessed May 27, 2015.

  14. Alan Moran. “Climate Change: the facts 2014,” Catallaxy Files, December 16, 2014. Archived October 17, 2016. URL:

  15. Nigel Lawson. “'I've been banned by the BBC!': Ex-Chancellor Lord Lawson, a passionate climate change sceptic, accuses BBC bosses of silencing debate on global warming,” Daily Mail, July 9, 2014.

  16. Adam Vaughan. “BBC rejects claim that climate sceptic Lord Lawson is being silenced,” The Guardian, July 9, 2014. Archived October 17, 2016. URL:

  17. “Who we are,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation. Archived March 28, 2010. URL:

  18. “Academic Advisory Council,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  19. “Who we are: Dr. Benny Peiser,”The Global Warming Policy Foundation Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  20. Benny Peiser. “Dr. Benny Peiser’s Letter to 'Science' and Its Rejection,”Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), May 4, 2005. Archived March 23, 2014. URL:

  21. “Benny Peiser,” Profile at the Carbon Brief. Archived March 7, 2011. URL:

  22. Juliette Hughes. “The truth is downright dirty,” The Age, June 2, 2007. Archived October 17, 2016. URL:

  23. “Ofcom's findings on The Great Global Warming Swindle,” The Guardian, July 22, 2008. URL:

  24. “Complaint to Ofcom Regarding 'The Great Global Warming Swindle'” (PDF), Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  25. “The Stern Review: A Dual Critique” (PDF), World Economics Vol. 7 No. 4 (October - December 2006). Archived .pdf on file at Desmog.

  26. “Lords to G8: UK climate policies 'wildly optimistic',”, July 7, 2005. Archived April 20, 2013. URL:

  27. “Board of Trustees,” The Global Warming Policy Foundation. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  28. “Board,” Austrian Economics Center. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  29. “Executive Profile: Nigel Lawson,” Bloomberg. Archived October 13, 2016. URL:

  30. (Press Release. “GWPF: Failure Of Paris Climate Deal Was Inevitable,” GWPF, June 1, 2017.

  31. Mat Hope. “How the UK’s Climate Science Deniers (and Government) Reacted to Trump’s Paris Agreement Withdrawal,” DeSmog UK, June 2, 2017.

  32. “10/08/2017,” BBC Radio 4. Archived August 14, 2017. Archived .mp3 on file at Desmog. (Lawson begins at 2:33:25).

  33. “Factcheck: Lord Lawson’s inaccurate claims about climate change on BBC Radio 4,” Carbon Brief, August 10, 2017. Archived August 14, 2017. URL:

  34. “BBC Today airs false statements by Lord Lawson in the name of balance,” Climate Feedback, August 10, 2017. Archived August 14, 2017. URL:

  35. “Some extreme weather events are clearly becoming more common, in contrast to Lord Lawson’s claim,” Climate Feedback, August 10, 2017. Archived August 14, 2017. URL:

  36. Kyla Mandel. “Climate Science Denial Group GWPF Admits It Used False Temperature Graph,”DeSmog UK, August 14, 2017.

  37. Mat Hope. “Climate Science Denier 'Should Have Been Challenged', BBC Admits,” DeSmogUK, October 25, 2017.

  38. Damian Carrington. “BBC apologises over interview with climate denier Lord Lawson,” The Guardian, October 24, 2017. Archived October 30, 2017. URL:

  39. “Ofcom to investigate BBC climate change interview,” BBC News, December 18, 2017. Archived February 25, 2018. URL:

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