Orchiopexy Post-Op Complications Case Study

1. Scorer CG, Farrington GH. Congenital deformities of testis and epidedymis. New York: Appleton-Century. 1972 Chapter 2.

2. Hunter J. Observations on the state of the testis in the foetus and on the hernia congenita. In: Hunter J, editor. Medical Commentaries Part 1. A Hamilton; London: 1762.

3. Bianchi A. The impalpable testis. Ann R Col Surg Engl. 1995;77:3–6.[PMC free article][PubMed]

4. Seddon JM, Savory L. Scott-Connere. Cryptorchidism- the role of medical education in diagnosis. South Med J. 1985;78:1201–1204.[PubMed]

5. Lowe DH, Brock WA, Kaplan GW. Laparoscopy for localisation of non-plapable testis. J Urol. 1984;131:728–729.[PubMed]

6. Elder JS. The undescended testis : Hormonal and Surgical management. Surg Clin North Am. 1988;68:983–1002.[PubMed]

7. Lipshulz LI, Laminos-Torres R, Greenspan CS. Testicular function after orchiopexy for unilaterally undescended testis. N Engl J Med. 1976;195:15–18.[PubMed]

8. Grasso M, Buonaguidi A, Lamia C. Postpubertal cryptorchidism. Review and evaluation of fertility. J Urol. 1991;20:126–127.[PubMed]

9. Madrazo BL, Klugo RC, Parks JA. Ultrasonographic demonstration of the undescended testis. Radiology. 1979;123:181–184.[PubMed]

10. Welverson MK, Houttuin E, Heibarg E. Comparison of CT with high resolution USS in localization of the impalpable undescended testis. Radiology. 1979;133:181–186.[PubMed]

11. Weiss RM, Carter AR, Rosenfield AT. High resolution real time ultrasonography in the localisation of the undescended testis. J Urol. 1986;135:936–938.[PubMed]

12. Campbell HE. The incidence of malignant growth undescended testicle. A reply and re-evaluation J Urol. 1959;81:563–564.[PubMed]

13. Batista MA, Whitmore WF, Chu FC. Cryptorchidism and testicular cancer. J Urol. 1980;124:382–384.[PubMed]

14. Winsbury CD, White MW. The pouch technique in surgical correction of cryptorchidism in infants and children. Surgery. 1967;62:67–69.


1. Dayanc M, Kibar Y, Irkilata HC, Demir E, Tahmaz L, Peker AF: Long-term outcome of scrotal incision orchiopexy for undescended testis. Urology. 2007; 70: 786-8; discussion 788-9. [ Links ]

2. Jawad AJ: High scrotal orchidopexy for palpable maldescended testes. Br J Urol. 1997; 80: 331-3. [ Links ]

3. Cloutier J, Moore K, Nadeau G, Bolduc S: Modified scrotal (Bianchi) mid raphe single incision orchiopexy for low palpable undescended testis: early outcomes. J Urol. 2011; 185: 1088-92. [ Links ]

4. Caruso AP, Walsh RA, Wolach JW, Koyle MA: Single scrotal incision orchiopexy for the palpable undescended testicle. J Urol. 2000; 164: 156-8; discussion 158-9. [ Links ]

5. Bianchi A, Squire BR. Transcrotal orchidopexy : orchidopexy revised. Pediatric Surgery International. 1989; 4: 189-92. [ Links ]

6. Gordon M, Cervellione RM, Morabito A, Bianchi A: 20 years of transcrotal orchidopexy for undescended testis: results and outcomes. J Pediatr Urol. 2010; 6: 506-12. [ Links ]

7. Karaman I, Karaman A, Erdoğan D, Çavuşoğlu YH: The transscrotal approach for recurrent and iatrogenic undescended testes. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2010;20: 267-9. Erratum in: Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2010; 20: e2. Cavuşğlu, Y H [corrected to Çavuşoğlu, Y H]. [ Links ]

8. Gökçora IH, Yagmurlu A: A longitudinal follow-up using the high trans-scrotal approach for inguinal and scrotal abnormalities in boys. Hernia. 2003; 7: 181-4. [ Links ]

9. Dayanç M, Kibar Y, Tahmaz L, Yildirim I, Peker AF: Scrotal incision orchiopexy for undescended testis. Urology. 2004; 64: 1216-8; discussion 1219. [ Links ]

10. Rajimwale A, Brant WO, Koyle MA: High scrotal (Bianchi) single-incision orchidopexy: a “tailored” approach to the palpable undescended testis. Pediatr Surg Int. 2004; 20: 618-22. [ Links ]

11. Samuel DG, Izzidien AY: Bianchi high scrotal approach revisited. Pediatr Surg Int. 2008; 24: 741-4. [ Links ]

12. Callewaert PR, Rahnama'i MS, Biallosterski BT, van Kerrebroeck PE: Scrotal approach to both palpable and impalpable undescended testes: should it become our first choice? Urology. 2010; 76: 73-6. [ Links ]

13. Yucel S, Celik O, Kol A, Baykara M, Guntekin E: Initial prescrotal approach for palpable cryptorchid testis: results during a 3-year period. J Urol. 2011; 185: 669-72. [ Links ]

14. Misra D, Dias R, Kapila L: Scrotal fixation: a different surgical approach in the management of the low undescended testes. Urology. 1997; 49: 762-5. [ Links ]

15. Lais A, Ferro F: Trans-scrotal approach for surgical correction of cryptorchidism and congenital anomalies of the processus vaginalis. Eur Urol. 1996; 29: 235-8; discussion 238-9. [ Links ]

16. Russinko PJ, Siddiq FM, Tackett LD, Caldamone AA: Prescrotal orchiopexy: an alternative surgical approach for the palpable undescended testis. J Urol. 2003; 170: 2436-8. [ Links ]

17. Parsons JK, Ferrer F, Docimo SG: The low scrotal approach to the ectopic or ascended testicle: prevalence of a patent processus vaginalis. J Urol. 2003; 169: 1832-3; discussion 1833. [ Links ]

18. Takahashi M, Kurokawa Y, Nakanishi R, Koizumi T, Yamaguchi K, Taue R, et al.: Low transscrotal orchidopexy is a safe and effective approach for undescended testes distal to the external inguinal ring. Urol Int. 2009; 82: 92-6. [ Links ]

19. Handa R, Kale R, Harjai M, Minocha A: Single scrotal incision orchiopexy for palpable undescended testis. Asian J Surg. 2006; 29: 25-7. [ Links ]

20. Al-Mandil M, Khoury AE, El-Hout Y, Kogon M, Dave S, Farhat WA: Potential complications with the prescrotal approach for the palpable undescended testis? comparison of single pre-scrotalincision to the traditional inguinal approach. J Urol. 2008; 180: 686-9. [ Links ]

21. Bassel YS, Scherz HC, Kirsch AJ: Scrotal incision orchiopexy for undescended testes with or without a patent processus vaginalis. J Urol. 2007; 177: 1516-8. [ Links ]

22. Docimo SG: The results of surgical therapy for cryptorchidism: a literature review and analysis. J Urol. 1995; 154: 1148-52. [ Links ]

23. Parnis SJ, Roberts JP, Hutson JM: Anatomical landmarks of the inguinal canal in prepubescent children. Aust N Z J Surg. 1997; 67: 335-7. [ Links ]

0 thoughts on “Orchiopexy Post-Op Complications Case Study

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *