Essay On Our Great Indian Leaders Of India

 



Freedom Fighters of India


India, the largest democratic nation in the world got independence from foreign rule in 1947. It was a momentous year in the history of India when it gained freedom from the British rule that lasted for about 100 years. In 1857, the powers of British East India Company was transferred to the British Crown but the Company which was started as early as in 1600 to build colonisation and trade which gradually imposed its rule in many parts of the country, both economically and politically. Prior to that many parts of India were under the control of the Portuguese, French and the Dutch. As the Indian subcontinent had no political unity or unifying force since ancient times, many have come and controlled parts of the country. Prominent and long lasting among them were the Mughals, who ruled most parts of the present country from the 16th century through 18th century.

The freedom of India is result of long and consistent struggle in many parts of the country in different forms. It was neither easy for the country to fight and expel foreign rulers from the country nor easy to unify different princely states, tribes, people fo different languages and cultures in to the idea of one nation. Many people have played significant roles in raising the national movement. Struggles lasted for decades, which finally resulted in independence of the country.

The Role of the Freedom Fighters



The freedom fighters of India played an extensive role in getting independence for the country. The 'Revolt of 1857' was the first war of independence of India. The revolt started as a mutiny by the sepoys of the East India Company. The Muslim and the Hindu sepoys together began this revolt. Rani Lakshmibai, Mangal Pandey, Bahadur Shah Zafar, Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope were some of the active leaders and freedom fighters who fought in the revolt. Mangal Pandey is considered as the hero in the modern India because he had played a pivotal role in beginning the revolt against the British. Rani Lakshmibai is considered as the symbol of resistance to the British rule and was one of the leading figures of the rebels in 1857.

In 1876, another movement started against the British rule. It was the foundation of the Indian National Congress (INC). Surendranath Banerjee laid the foundation of the party. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Dadabhai Naoroji, Chittaranjan Das and Jawaharlal Nehru were active leaders of the INC. It was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who gave a push to the party and raised the struggle for freedom in a non-violent way. His Non-Cooperation Movement was a great success and a stepping stone for Indian freedom struggle.

While on one side Gandhi was following the ideologies of non-violence and peace, on the other there was a group of youth who wanted to attain independence by hook or by crook. These revolutionaries were quite influential in the nation and inspired many. Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee were some of the revolutionaries who executed the Kakori conspiracy. Bhagat Singh, Batukeshwar Dutt, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru threw bomb in the assembly house. After the incident, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged to death and are considered as martyrs today. These young men got ignited after the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who died after protesting against the Simon Commission.

Subhash Chandra Bose was also a dynamic leader in the freedom struggle of the country. He founded the Indian National Army (INA) which fought against British rulers from within the country and in exile, with the help of Japan and Axis forces during the World War II. He formed the Forward Bloc, a political extension of Indian National Congress when Mahatma Gandhi did not recognize him as Congress President despite he defeated Alladi Krishna Iyer, Gandhiji's nominee in 1939 Congress election held at Tripuri session.

There were many other freedom fighters who had fought for the nation and sacrificed their lives.


Role after Independence



With the contribution of these freedom fighters and their freedom struggles and movements, India attained independence on 15 August 1947. The hardships they faced and the sacrifices they made (which even include many lives) led to the freedom of the country. Mahatma Gandhi, who is considered to have played a very important role in the struggle, is known as the 'Father of the Nation'. Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of the Republic of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the first Deputy Prime Minister. B. R. Ambedkar became the principle architect of the Constitution of India.

India at Present

It has been almost seven decades since India gained independence and the country has progressed at a faster pace. The nation has been growing economically and socially and is heading towards development. If these freedom fighters had not contributed in the freedom struggle, the current situation of the country would have been different. India, the democratic republic, might not have headed for success. We are independent and free today only because of the efforts and sacrifices made by our country's freedom fighters.

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Last Updated on : July 29, 2016



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Freedom Fighters in India is an article describes the struggle of Individuals who have been fought for our Indian National Movement to get rid of all the colonies who came for India in the name of trade and other purposes. There were many kinds of People who colonized in India like Dutch, Portuguese, British, French, Turkish and many others. The main problem was with the British who came for trade and started East India company slowly they occupied the power to rule in India under the charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in England, they have treated Indians as slaves during the rule of British and they lived here for a long period of time for centuries.

This kind of things was opposed by our Indian Freedom Fighters who stood up and fought against them. There are many of our Great National Leaders in India who has been neglected with the masses, which will be covered in this topic. We should be proud of our National leaders of India, Let’s Salute them!

According to Indian People, Mahatma Gandhiji is the First freedom fighter of India in the list of Great Leaders who was the foremost person to take responsibility to go against British in a peaceful way and get the freedom from the British, there were only a few National Leaders exposed in the freedom movement so we tried to cover  maximum people who contributed or sacrificed their lives for us.

List of Top 31 Freedom Fighters in India


 

video by Rajiv Satyal

Brief Introduction of Freedom Fighters in India

1. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh is one of the most adorned heroes of India’s freedom movement. He was born on September 28 1907, at Banga-Chak, District. Lyallpur, Punjab, India. The name of his father was Sardar Kishan Singh and his mother was Smt. Vidyawati. His mentor was S. Kartar Singh Sarabha

Bhagat Singh along with his comrades Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death by hanging by the British court system in the Lahore conspiracy case. All three were hanged in the evening at 7 pm on March 23, 1931. They kissed the knots of the rope before being hanged. Their last words were “Inqualab Zindabad”.

2. Subhash Chandra Bose

Marking coming after at the listing top 20 finest state of being free groups at war inside the records of India is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who started and led the Azad Hind Army to act armed trouble in the state of being against to the from England Army. He was Born in Cuttack in 1897 and died in 1945. We are pleased as the result of good things done to say he was one of our National Leader of India.

3. Chandrashekhar Azad

Chandrashekhar Azad changed into any other one who does things first within the Indian state of being free trouble. He became Born in bhava in 1906 and act as a using force, teaching the power of controlling fear and self-belief in the young Indians to get (grain) cut state of being free through positioned in the direction of from England weight on (mind). He died in 1931, giving up his existence for doing the state of being free for the United States of America.

4. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, also referred to as the Father of the Nation will always be remembered because of the best chief and freedom fighter with the aid of the complete global. Born on 2d October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, this brilliant guy practiced the principle of nonviolence to lead us of an into the heaven of freedom in 1947. But he did no longer stay lengthy to revel in the freedom, as he turned into assassinated on thirtieth January 1948.

5. Swami Vivekananda

Narendra Nath Datta(Swami Vivekananda) born on 12 Jan 1863. A Great Scholar, Inspiration for Millions of human beings, He continues to be a Source of suggestion for Millions of Hindus and Nationalists in India. His Birthday is celebrated as the “National Youth Day” in India, He respected each and every other religion of the sector, his speech in Chicago in the course of the sector faith meet in 1893 remains one of the most famous speeches in India, he isn’t always famous best in India but global.

6. Mangal Pandey

Another first-rate Indian fighter who played a crucial position at some point of the Revolt of 1857 become Mangal Panday. He changed into a member of the British Army but revolted towards them while the soldiers were provided cartridges greased with animal fats. After an armed mutiny in opposition to the military, Pandey became hanged to dying in 1857.

7. Rani Lakshmi Bai

Also named Jhansi KI Rani Lakshmi Bai changed into certainly one of the sooner state of being free fighting parties who fought in the direction of the from England Army for the time of the disgust of 1857. She put on view respectful fear (not showing fear when faced with danger) and power for a given time via positioned in the direction of a strong, solidly made military with best a small force behind her.

8. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Next, most of the most well-known freedom fighters in India is Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the architect of the Indian Constitution and the primary President of free India. Born in 1884, Dr. Prasad became a fan of Mahatma Gandhi. The country lost an amazing leader on his dying in 1963.

9. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a distinguished leader of Indian National Conference. Born in 1875, this extremely good philosopher and leader participated in important events like Satyagraha, Quit India Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.

10. Lal Bahadur Shastri

Another freedom fighter who performed a key position in achieving emancipation for the united states of America is Lal Bahadur Shastri, who changed into born in Mughalsarai in 1904. He joined palms with some of the most important leaders of that time to carry out the liberty war. He died in 1966.

11. Jawaharlal Nehru

One of the most influential leaders and freedom stragglers for India became Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who instilled tremendous patriotism inside the Indians along with his spectacular speeches. He went on to turn out to be the first Prime Minister of impartial India and his legacy become carried forward by his daughter and grandchildren. This high-quality leader was born in Allahabad in 1880 and died in 1964.

12. Udham Singh

Udham Singh turned into a remarkable freedom fighter from Punjab, who changed into venerated with the title of Shaheed or the martyr after he laid his life to acquire independence for the united states of America in 1940. He changed into a brilliant impact on younger freedom fighters of the united states of America.

13. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

The next name inside the list of pinnacle 20 finest freedom warring parties is that of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a brilliant philosopher, truth seeker and leader who led the Indian people along with his principles and thinking.

14. Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Gopal Krishna Gokhale becomes born in Ratnagiri in 1866 and he devoted his complete lifestyles to sports concerned in freeing the country from the audacious rule of the British. Gokhale died in 1915.

15. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

The next call at the listing of top 20 finest freedom combatants in India is that of Dr. B R Ambedkar, our National Leaders of India gave the rights to him to be a part of important constitution drafting, who played an instrumental role in eradicating caste gadget from the country and additionally framing the Constitution and led a stone in economy planning of the nation.

16. Sarojini Naidu

Known because the Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu changed into a prominent poet and leader of Indian National Congress. She inspired Indians with her remarkable speech and poetry.

17. Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore turned into a top-notch poet, author, and philosopher, who played an instrumental position in the freedom war of India.

18. Bahadur Shah Zafar

Bahadur Shah Zafar becomes the ultimate Mughal Emperor, who led the warfare towards East India Company all through the rebel of 1857. He becomes exiled to Bangladesh after losing the struggle.

19. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Next among the best freedom fighters in India is Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the great chief, and baby-kisser who served the country and helped it obtain freedom.

20. Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal, who changed into born in Habiganj in 1858 and he devoted his complete existence to the independence of the country. He worked in close collaboration with awesome political leaders.

21. Vinoba Bhave

A brilliant leader and social reformer, Vinoba Bhave was greatly chargeable for supporting the country Acquire its freedom from the British Rule and proudful being a member of National Leaders of India.

22. Matangini Hazra

As in keeping with the data to be had, Matangini Hazra turned into a part of Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement. She changed into shot three times in the course of one of the procession, however, she kept advancing with the Indian flag and alongside that she saved shouting Vande Mataram.

23. Begum Hazrat Mahal

Talking about Begum Hazrat Mahal, she turned into an important a part of the rebellion of 1857. Her husband was sent to exile and after that, she took the responsibility of Awadh and finally she took the manage of Lucknow. Later, she retreated to Nepal and he or she passed away in Nepal itself.

24. Tata Rani Srivastava

Tata Rani is known for her warfare in the freedom movement. It is thought that she led a procession in the front of Siwan Police Station alongside her husband and her husband became shot at some point of the procession. She truly bandaged the wound of her husband and he or she moved forward with the procession. Later whilst she got here returned to the spot, her husband becomes no more. She is the symbol of electricity and resolution

25. Senapati Bapat

Senapati Bapat changed into the leader of Mulshi Satyagraha and after receiving Independence on 15 August 1947, he was given a golden threat to hoist the Indian Flag in Pune for the primary time. He had been to jail several instances and he accompanied the route of non-violence

26. Garimella Satyanarayana

Garimella becomes essentially an author and he had continually been a proposal for the people of Andhra Pradesh. He proved the point that the pen is mightier than the sword as his songs and poems prompted humans to sign up for the freedom fight.

27. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi

Kanaiyalal was known as Kulpati and he took element in Quit India Movement. He was additionally the founding father of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan and he had additionally been arrested regularly in the course of the British rule. He had been one of the maximum emotional freedom fighters in records of India.

28. Tirupur Kumaran

He changed into recognized to be the founder of Desa Bandhu Youth Association and as according to the facts, he becomes killed all through a protest in 1932. The Indian nationalist flag turned into banned by the British regime however he became maintaining the flat and he changed into the shot by way of the troops. He died maintaining the flag.

29. Bhikaji Cama

Bhikaji Cama changed into an important part of the liberty movement in India and she additionally promoted gender equality. It is understood that she donated all her non-public property to an orphanage for ladies and there are numerous names and homes which are named after her.

30. Raj Kumar Gupta

Raj worked along with her husband, Mahatma Gandhi and Chandrashekhar Azad and she played a function in Kakori Case. She performed an important function of offering revolvers and she brought the weapons by hiding them in her undergarment. She had her 3 12 months old son together with her but later she turned into arrested and sadly, she is legal guidelines reject her after the arrest.

31. Peer Ali Khan

Peer Ali Khan changed into the part of the uprising of 1857 and he becomes additionally a number of the 14 folks who had been given capital punishment by the British regime. He was hanged to demise for his role in the revolt and he inspired the youth of the nation to take part in the fight for freedom.

These are the famous Freedom Fighters Names who played a vital role in getting freedom. In Addition we hear many times “National Leaders of India” from the children from schools afterwards only it recalls the days of Independence Day or Republic day or few were remembered with their jayanties but there are lot of people who contributed their life to get the Freedom from the British, this is a small work collected and presented to all of our Freedom Fighters in India  who has struggled and many were not know to the people much.

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